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Dammɔ

Ɛfi Wikipedia
Wɔatwerɛ nsɛm wei ɛwɔ Asante kasa mu
Dammɔ
psychopathological syndrome, symptom or sign
subclass ofmood disorder Sesa
health specialtypsychiatry, medical psychology Sesa
possible treatmentpsychotherapy Sesa
ICPC 2 IDP73 Sesa
opposite ofmental depression Sesa

Dammɔ (brɔfo kasa mu, Mania) yɛ adwenemyare a ɛma obi nya adwene, ahoɔden, ne dwumadi a ɛkɔ soro wɔ ɔkwan a ɛnteɛ so a ebetumi aka sɛnea obi tumi yɛ adwuma no kɛse.[1][2]

Ghana no, nnipa pii nni nteteɛ papa wɔ dammɔ ho ne akwan a ɛfaso ba.[3] Ayare sa mu nteteɛ a nyɛ papa no nso ama dammɔ kɔ a na ɛrekɔ soro wɔ ɔman no mu. Sɛ yɛfa saa nnipa yi a, wɔn mu ɔha mu bkyekyɛm ebien pɛ na wɔtum nya ayaresa.[3] Afei nso beaɛ a ahorow bɛyɛ abiesa pɛ a ɛne Pantang, Nkran ne Ankaful na wɔtum sa dammɔ yareɛ yi.

Sɛnkyerɛnne

[sesa]

Nsɛnkyerɛnne a ɛkyerɛ sɛ obi anya dammɔ (adwenemhaw) no bi ne tebea a ɛwɔ soro (sɛ ɛyɛ anigye anaasɛ abufuw), nsusuwii ahorow a eyera ne kasa mu nhyɛso, ahoɔden a ɛkɔ soro, ne ɔpɛ a ɛso tew, ne nneɛma a wɔyɛ boro so.[4] Wɔda adi pefee kɛse wɔ tebea horow a ano yɛ den paa mu. Nanso, wɔ dammɔ a emu yɛ den mu no, saa sɛnkyerɛnne ahorow yi mu yɛ den nkakrankakra. Wɔ dammɔ a emu yɛ den mu no, ebia sɛnkyerɛnne afoforo bɛda adi, te sɛ adwenem naayɛ, nsusuwii hunu, nneyɛe mu mpaapaemune sɛnkyerɛnne ahorow.[5]

Ma ɛde ba

[sesa]

Dammɔ yɛ ɔyare a nneɛma pii betumi de ba.[6] Ɛwom sɛ yareɛ no mu dodow no ara ba nam adwenemhaw so de, nanso nneɛma afofor nso betumi ama obi bɔ dam, te sɛ aduruyɛ mu tebea horow a ɛkɔ so wɔ ɔkwan a ɛkɔ akyiri so, te sɛ sclerosis ahorow akyi; nnuru bi betumi ama dammɔ aba (prednisone); anaa nneɛma a wɔtaa de di dwuma ɔkwammɔne so, titiriw nnuru a ɛkanyan adwene te sɛ amphetamine ne tawanom (cocaine).[7][8]

Nsɔano

[sesa]

Ansa na wobefi ase asa dammɔ no, ɛsɛ sɛ wɔde ahwɛyiye hwehwɛ nsonsonoe ahorow mu na ama wɔayi nneɛma a ɛto so abien tesɛ tawanom a ɛde ba no afi hɔ.

Ayaresa a wɔde sa dammɔ a ɛtaa ne adwenemhaw a ɛma obi yɛ ade tra so no hwehwɛ sɛ wɔde nnuru, ayaresa, ne asetra mu nsakrae a wɔaka abom. Wɔ Ghana no, wɔfa akwan ahodoɔ so di dammɔ ho dwuma, a ɔman ayaresabea, ankorankoro ayaresabea, ne ahyehyɛdeɛ a ɛnyɛ aban de (NGO) ka ho.[3][9][10]

Beaɛ a menyaa mmoa fii

[sesa]
  1. Clevand Clinic, Mania
  2. mind, Hypomania and mania
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Benedict Weobong, Irene Botchway (2023-03-06), Bipolar disorder is poorly understood in Ghana: knowing the facts can help prevent suffering (in American English), retrieved 2024-06-23
  4. How Do You Spot Signs of Bipolar Mania in Yourself and Others? (in English), retrieved 2024-06-23
  5. Symptoms - Bipolar disorder (in English), 2021-02-11, retrieved 2024-06-23
  6. Charles Krauthammer, Gerald L. Klerman (1978-11-01), "Secondary Mania: Manic Syndromes Associated With Antecedent Physical Illness or Drugs", Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 35, no. 11, pp. 1333–1339, doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1978.01770350059005, ISSN 0003-990X, retrieved 2024-06-23
  7. Crack Cocaine Abuse and Bipolar Disorder (in American English), retrieved 2024-06-23
  8. W. Alexander Morton (1999-08-01), "Cocaine and Psychiatric Symptoms", Primary Care Companion to The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 109–113, ISSN 1523-5998, PMID 15014683, retrieved 2024-06-23
  9. BasicNeeds Ghana – Better Mental Health, Better Lives (in British English), 2021-05-21, retrieved 2024-06-23
  10. Abdul-Fatawu Issahaku (2017-11-08), Two NGOs helping to improve the mental health system (in American English), retrieved 2024-06-23